Dispiace moltissimo per gli Australiani che non hanno colpa. Ma per alcuni degli altri (i politici e l’industria Australiana del carbone) e’ forse l’unica cosa che potra’ (forse) fargli capire?Il rapporto di Greenpeace circolato oggi …http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/climate/2013/PointOfNoReturn.pdf…dice :The 14 dirty energy projects in this report range frommassive expansion of coal mining in China.... to large-scale expansion of coal exports from Australia, ....the US and Indonesia, to the development of risky unconventionalsources of oil in the tar sands of Canada, in the Arctic,in the ocean off the coast of Brazil, in Iraq, in the Gulf ofMexico and in Kazakhstan, and to gas production in Africaand the Caspian Sea. They are the biggest dirty energyprojects planned in the coming decades.5Australia: by 2025, coal exports would increase to408 million tonnes a year above 2011 levels, pushingassociated CO2 emissions up by 1,200 million tonnes ayear once the coal is burned. By then, the CO2 emissions caused by Australian coal exports would be three times as large as the emissions from Australia’s entire domesticenergy use.The huge gap between what governments say they aredoing to prevent catastrophic climate change and whatthey are actually doing is most evident with these 14projects. The governments that have approved them haveall agreed that the global average temperature must bekept below 2°C.If the governments supporting the projects in this reporthelp push the world past the point of no return, thegreat irony will be that the resulting climate chaos waspreventable. The technology for avoiding the emissionsfrom these projects and for reducing overall globalemissions exists right now.La scienza e gli scienziati hanno cercato di far capire ad alcuni governi da piu di 30 anni “con le buone”. Non hanno ascoltato. Forse ascolteranno un po’ di piu’ “con le cattive” della natura e della fisica?Ma gli Australiani sono in un certo senso fortunati. E vero che si sono presi adesso una grossa bastonata. (e che continueranno a prendersene altre probabilmente ogni anno per sempre) Ma almeno hanno prima fatto un sacco di quattrini vendendo carbone. E tutti quelli che invece non hanno venduto o bruciato un solo grammo di carbone ma sono nonostante afflitti da siccita, incendi, uragani, inondazioni, ed ecc. ecc.? A chi lo dovrebbero andare a raccontare? A Doha? (buena suerte)
Alla pagina 40 del link per il rapporto di Greenpeace ....http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/climate/2013/PointOfNoReturn.pdf ...si trovano anche le seguenti informazioni:Australia’s mining industry has a dirty plan to more thandouble its coal exports in a little over a decade – a movethat would add an extra 900 million tonnes (Mt) of CO2 ayear to the atmosphere. In total, if Australian coal exportsincrease by the volume estimated by the Australian Bureauof Resource and Energy Economics, Australian export coalcould be responsible in 2025 for 1,200Mt of carbon dioxidepollution annually.Australia is already the world’s biggest coal exporter, andthe second biggest exporter of thermal coal. The industryhas been expanding in the states of New South Walesand Queensland, and further expansion plans are in thepipeline. These include plans to build up to nine new coalports and terminals along the coast of the Great BarrierReef World Heritage Area.94 The Reef is under particularthreat from coastal development and climate change –and the coal industry is a key driver of both.....Burning Australian coal does not just affect Australia’scontribution to global emissions since the emissions are“exported” to the countries using the coal. The impactswill be on the quality of life of the people living where thecoal ends up getting burned. In India and China, twocountries seen as the most likely potential customers forthe coal, urban air pollution is already among the worst inthe world.100 Delhi’s air had over four times more particulatepollution in 2010 than recommended in the country’s airquality standard.101 Coal-fired power stations are one ofthe largest sources of the pollution plaguing people inDelhi. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation andDevelopment (OECD) estimates that air pollution causes270,000 premature deaths a year in India. In China – alsoseen as a guaranteed buyer – the death total is 600,000............Who decides?The regulatory and assessment process in Australiais not equipped to assess and determine the impactof coal projects in the context of their contribution toclimate change. Decision makers are not considering thecumulative consequences of the coal-industry expansionon global efforts to reach the goal of limiting warming tobelow 2°C, and environmental assessment processes atthe state and national levels do not address the questionof the greenhouse gas emissions produced from theseproposed mines, despite Australia’s commitment to thebelow 2°C goal. Contributing to exceeding the 2°C goalmeans the likely loss of the Great Barrier Reef altogetherdue to its inability to recover from possible annualbleaching at higher global temperatures.